Learn Hands-Only CPR
Learn to save a life in only 2 minutes
Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops beating and the victim loses consciousness and collapses. It isn’t always caused by a heart attack.
Sudden cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death in the United States.
Most cases (70-80%) of sudden cardiac arrest occur in the home.
Nationally, if a victim of sudden cardiac arrest collapses outside of a hospital, his/her chances of survival if a bystander does not start CPR immediately is less than 8%.
You can do 3 simple steps to save a life if you see a teen or adult who has collapsed:
1. Check to see if they are responsive and breathing normally.
2. Call 911.
3. Compress hard and fast on the center of the chest.
The best way to determine if someone is unresponsive and may need CPR is to tap the victim and shout “Are you OK?” while checking to see if they are breathing normally.
Breathing normally does NOT include snoring, gurgling, or gasping. A victim must be on his/her back on a hard flat surface, preferably on the floor, for CPR to be effective.
Keeping arms straight and elbows locked, push straight down hard – at least 2 inches. It is better to push too deep than not deep enough.
The hands should not come off the chest or “bounce” between each compression, but downward pressure should be completely released to allow the heart to refill with blood.
Push hard and fast in the center of the chest (about 100 times per minute) when doing compressions on an unresponsive victim who is not breathing, or not breathing normally once 911 has been called. Do not stop until help arrives, unless the victim begins moving or speaking.
Why Learn CPR?
Hands-only CPR performed by a bystander can be as effective as conventional CPR with breaths during the first few minutes of sudden cardiac arrest outside of a hospital.
When a teen or adult suddenly collapses with cardiac arrest, his/her lungs and blood typically have enough oxygen to keep vital organs healthy for the first few minutes if high-quality compressions are started immediately and continued with minimal interruptions until help arrives.
Everyone should learn CPR because:
1. Doing something is better than doing nothing
2. CPR is vital to keep the victim’s blood pumping until an AED is applied or professional help arrives
3. Survival rates are greatly increased if CPR is started immediately after sudden cardiac arrest.
By participating today, you are creating positive change to help double or even triple the likelihood a victim of sudden cardiac arrest survives because a bystander performed CPR.
More About CPR
Hands-only CPR is recommended for teens and adults who suddenly collapse. CPR with conventional mouth-to-mouth is recommended for infants and children (up through puberty).
A CPR course through a nationally recognized organization such as the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross can offer additional training and may include techniques for infants and children. Brochures about a local CTC are available in our booth.
CPR is a skill that improves with practice. Additionally, people who have been trained may be more confident than those who haven’t.
Improving survival rates requires a collective community response by the general public, first responders, EMS services, and in-hospital caregivers.